Common Legal Terminology from A to Z

Common Legal Terminology

A claim made by a party in a court case that must be proved or supported with evidence during a trial.

A request by a party who has already pursued legal action to have that decision reviewed by a higher court.

Any property owned by an individual. When determining financial compensation, the amount of compensation deemed “reasonable” is typically based on the assets that the responsible party has.

The necessity or duty of proving disputed facts. A party pursuing legal justice against someone else is responsible for providing enough evidence to prove that person’s liability or guilt.

A proceeding, action, cause, controversy, lawsuit, or suit initiated through the court system by filing a complaint, indictment or petition.

When a judge or jury decides beyond a reasonable doubt that a defendant is guilty of committing the crime they have been accused of. Convictions only occur in criminal court.

A person who is being accused or sued in court.

Sworn testimony of a witness who is interviewed under oath.

The process of finding documentation and evidence that supports a case.

An essential principle in the U.S. court system that states that every defendant has the right to a fair and impartial trial when they are accused of a crime or wrongdoing.

Any proof presented at trial by witnesses, records, documents, etc.

A formal decision of the court.

A group of people sworn to declare the truth from evidence brought before them during a trial.

A legal proceeding or lawsuit.

A formal request asking the court to dismiss a complaint due to insufficient evidence.

Efforts to reach the settlement of an issue.

A statement by an attorney opposing specific evidence or testimony.

A motion or objection raised in court that is denied.

Providing false or misleading testimony while under oath.

A person who brings a lawsuit or action against another party.

The penalty imposed for committing a crime.

A written legal notice requiring a person to testify in a hearing.

To give evidence under oath in court.

The formal and unanimous finding or decision made by a jury.

A person who testifies, under oath, about what they have seen, heard, or observed.

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